RNC News

The Word Portrait functionality in the main corpus has been improved and expanded:

The new Sketches section allows the user to understand how a word interacts with other words in the language. This interaction is defined through the compatibility (collocations) with words of different parts of speech. This takes into account the various syntactic functions of a word in a sentence, which cover the main domains where a given word “works” in the language. One can search what respect is like in Russian and what one may make with it. Another query explores the compatibility of the word bring in Russian. Whereas one usually brings some abstract notions (as far as the texts show us), the most frequent subjects of bringing are quite material.
For nouns, adjectives, verbs, and adverbs, up to 10 of the most closely related words in each sketch are displayed. For other parts of speech, the sketches are not shown.

The Similar Words section now uses its own model to search for semantic associates, trained on actual texts from the main corpus of the RNC. The new model allowed us to reduce the number of errors. But due to the fact that the selection of similar words is fully automatic, errors (e.g. non-existent word forms) can still occur.

To see all the information on a given word, you can now use the Word at a glance functionality. As of today, the Word Portrait includes:

  • grammatical and semantic properties of the word
  • Similar words (β, only in the main corpus)
  • word usage examples in the corpus
  • distribution of examples by year and by type of text

For quick access to the Word Portrait and other corpus features as well as to the User's Guide you can now use buttons on the main page of ruscorpora.ru.

The output view Frequency has been improved: 

  • The "Contexts" column has been added
  • Grouping of results can be either disabled or applied for some words only. Users can retrieve combination of words with any distance between them (within the distance specified in the original query). Some of the words can be grouped by lemma/word form/grammatical features, and the remainder is retrieved without grouping. For example, for the query красивый ('beautiful’) + any noun one can get the frequency distribution of all nouns found in the search results and the overall frequency for the combination with any noun as well
  • The size of the downloaded table with "raw" data can reach 5000 lines

The frequency dictionary of a subcorpus as compared to the entire corpus can be sorted by differences of lemma ranks. The lemmas that are found only in the subcorpus top 500 frequent items are given first, followed by those with the highest gain in frequency rank with regard to the statistical population. For example, the frequency dictionary of texts written by women can be sorted in such a way that it starts with the characteristic lemmas like девочка (‘girl’), стараться ('try’), проблема (‘problem’), искусство (‘art') etc.

A new corpus "Russian classics" is available. It includes poetic, prosaic, journalistic and epistolary works from representative academic editions by Russian classical writers of the 19th - early 20th centuries: Pushkin, Baratynsky, Gogol, Tolstoy, Turgenev, Chekhov and others. A significant part of these texts are also included into the Main or Poetic corpus. Currently the corpus is in beta-version ("Russian classics β"). New authors and works are to be added later. The size of the corpus is more than 17.5 million tokens.

The interface of the Birchbark letter corpus has been substantially updated, and the corpus is connected to the Overview feature. Early Old East Slavic lemmas are available for search (not only слати, but also сълати ‘send’). An important innovation is that the original and translated texts are now shown in two columns, and a translation (Russian or any of the two English variants) can be chosen to be displayed.

The functionality of the main corpus has been significantly upgraded. Now it features lexical and grammatical annotation with automatic homonymy resolution and automatic syntactic annotation. Within the main corpus grammatical homonyms are disambiguated. It is also searchable by syntactic parameters such as types of compound sentences, predicative phrases (clauses), complements, copulas, and many others. With this new annotation, all the new functions that appeared earlier in the corpus of regional media are available in the main corpus: Searching for collocations, Frequency dictionary, Search results types. Frequency.

In addition, the main and newspaper corpora now are searchable for lemmas and word forms using regular expressions (β-version). They feature corpus and subcorpus statistics: overall size in texts and words, a geographical map (for the Regional media corpus only) and charts of metatextual attributes. These functions allow users to compare a given subcorpus with the bulk of the corpus, including the visualization.

The interface of the Church Slavonic corpus has been substantially updated, and the corpus is connected to the Overview feature.

The multimedia corpus counts 5.7 million tokens.
The parallel corpus counts 168 million tokens. Now it features four new language pairs with Russian, namely two larger South Slavic subcorpora, Serbian and Slovene, as well as two smaller pilot corpora of Korean and Hindi, both coming with transliteration and dictionary support. The Korean and Hindi tiers include aligned poetical texts, a new feature within the parallel corpus. The Czech and Spanish language pairs are also updated.

The interface of the Middle Russian corpus has been significantly updated; the corpus is connected to the Overview feature.

The Regional corpus has a new type of output: Frequency. With it, the statistical distribution of search results by lemmas, word forms and a set of grammatical features can be analyzed. The frequency is calculated based on texts with automatically removed homonymy over a random subsample of 1 million search results. Users can control the confidence level to compare frequency confidence intervals.

The Dialect corpus has been updated and now contains 604 thousand tokens.
The SynTagRus has increased by 30 thousand tokens.

The corpus and subcorpus frequency dictionaries now feature 500 top lemmas rather than 100.

The RNC sums up the results of 2022. There have been many changes this year: the size of the whole Corpus reached 1.5 billion tokens, two new subcorpora were inaugurated (Panchronic and "From 2 to 15"), the corpus of birchbark letters went parallel, the regional corpus is now disambiguated and features collocations and frequency tools. The old version of the RNC is now closed. The RNC is also migrating to a new interface. All the changes are shown in more detail in the picture.

The Birchbark letter corpus is updated with the texts of archaeological findings from the year 2021, published in 2022. These are the new documents from Veliky Novgorod and Staraya Russa, as well as the very first birchbark letter discovered in Pereyaslavl Ryazansky (modern-day Ryazan). 

A new corpus "From 2 to 15" featuring 75 original and translated texts in prose, read by modern children and teenagers, is inaugurated within the RNC. The main distinguishing feature of the new corpus is the automatic annotation of text fragments according to the age of readers that should be able to understand these fragments. The model is being tested, so mistakes can still appear in this annotation.

The Educational corpus interface has been substantially updated, the corpus is now available with the Get overview feature, and the description of the corpus has been updated.

A section "Corpus-based exercises" has been developed, which presents exercises based on the Educational Corpus and other corpora within the RNC. The exercises belong to different sections of the school Russian course and are designed for independent work in the classroom and at home, as well as for testing. We plan to develop and update the section with new exercises. The corpus users can also participate in the process. We invite teachers and professors to use the corpus to compose their own unique assignments and exercises. Feel free to send us some of your best ideas on info@ruscorpora.ru. We will publish them in the exercises section.

Each corpus within the RNC has its own Corpus Portrait. The Corpus Portrait functionality is designed as a tool that allows a RNC user to analyze the characteristics of a given corpus and assess whether the corpus in question is suitable for their research or teaching needs. The corpus portrait at this stage includes:

* a description of the corpus

* frequency dictionary (only in the Regional Media Corpus)  

All the RNC corpora have tags on a meta-corpus level, allowing to categorize them by historical period, text type, presence of specific annotation, etc. 

If a subcorpus has been customized, users also have access to the respective "Subcorpus Portrait" function. With this tool, by clicking the (i) link in the header of the corpus, one can see the list of selected texts and compare the statistical characteristics of the corpus to the respective parameters of the customized subcorpus. For example, one can compare the frequency dictionary of the regional corpus to those of subcorpora selected within it.

In 2023, more statistics will appear in the Corpus and Subcorpus Portraits.

The Panchronic Corpus has been created as part of the RNC. It combines three historical corpora (the Old East Slavic corpus, the Birchbark letters corpus and the Middle Russian corpus), and the Main corpus. Taken together, the Panchronic Corpus covers a thousand years of Russian language history, from the 1020s to the 2020s. Within the Panchronic Corpus you can build a query and find results simultaneously on this entire chronological range.

For this purpose, we have unified the presentation of lexical, orthographic and semantic markup. Lemma can be queried in either Early Old East Slavic (съвѣдѣтель), Middle Russian (свѣдѣтель or свидѣтель) and Modern Russian (свидетель): both historic and modern examples can be found for each of these queries. Similarly, word forms can be specified in different appearances. Historic texts have been given lexical-semantic annotation.

Concordances and frequency charts for all ten centuries are now available to the user for such queries as "preposition po with locative case", "history of the noun zabava", "distribution of verbs of motion with abstract nouns as subjects", "proper names in -slav".

The corpus of regional media is searchable for collocations. For this search mode a statistical approach is used. Collocations are combinations of words that occur together more often than by chance. Such statistical measures as Dice, Loglikelihood, t-score, MI3 and aggregated measure (geometric mean of t-score and MI3 measures) are used to calculate the collocations.

For more information about the new functionality, see here.

The parallel corpus counts 168.8 million tokens. The Czech, German, English, French, and Spanish language pairs have been expanded with new texts.

The Church Slavonic corpus is updated and comprises 5.2 million tokens. It partially includes the "Green Menaion" edition of 2002, using the civil (modernized) orthograpĥy. The Church Slavonic corpus features a more detailed metatextual annotation. All the texts are annotated by date of publication. Texts of the Modern era are provided with dates and authorship, and the recent (beginning with the 18th century) liturgical texts also feature information about their drafting and approval.

The Middle Russian corpus has been expanded to 8.8 million tokens. Among the added text is volume of the "Library of Literature of Old Rus", dedicated to the 17th century (prose stories and songs), the earliest texts from the Letters and "Papers by Peter the Great", as well as  the 16-century "Embassy book on relations with the Crimean Khanate". The morphological annotation of the texts previously included in the corpus has been corrected and updated.

The search interface for the media corpora, both national and regional, has been updated. Media corpora are now suggested when the «Feature overview» function is activated, and their descriptions in Russian and English have been redesigned and updated.

The following changes have been made to the new interface of ruscorpora.ru:

On the home page, by clicking on the «All corpora» link, you can now open a full list of 38 corpora (including all the bilingual tiers of the parallel corpus, all the historical corpora, etc.). You can go to the search form for any corpus by clicking on its name.
The «Statistics» page also has a full list of corpora with data on the number of texts, sentences, and tokens.

The search and subcorpus selection forms for all corpora transferred to the new interface have been improved. The «Lemmas and tags» search form is expanded by default; if desired, the user may expand the «Exact search» query bar. The lemma entry field is displayed first in the query form. When selecting a subcorpus, an option is provided to select the date range of the corpus release.

Using the menu on the Search button, the user can now select their preferred type of output (concordance, KWIC, graphs, n-grams). The user's choice will be remembered and will be used by default since. 

On clicking a word in its popup window «Similar words» are displayed. These are the words that are semantically closely related to the word in question and are used in similar contexts. The closeness coefficient in brackets is calculated using distributional semantics models. It is built using the main corpus of the RNC and provided by the RusVectōrēs project. Read more about this experiment here

It is planned to gradually transfer the other corpora to the new interface and platform. Feel free to use the new version of the site and report any bugs you notice.